welsh bands 1960s

Tom Jones, Shirley Bassey, Dave Edmunds, Shakin' Stevens), individuals in groups (e.g. The penillion is a traditional form of Welsh singing poetry, accompanied by the harp, in which the singer and harpist follow different melodies so the stressed syllables of the poem coincide with accented beats of the harp melody.[18]. [7] The hymns were popularised by writers such as William Williams, while others were set to popular secular tunes or adopted Welsh ballad tunes. Tell Laura I Love Her was a number one hit for Ricky Valance in August 1960. Singing is a significant part of Welsh national identity, and the country is traditionally referred to as "the land of song". Directed by Jack Howells, it won the 1963 Academy Award for Best Documentary Short. Another distinctive instrument is the crwth, also a stringed instrument of a type once widespread in northern Europe, it was played in Wales from the Middle Ages, which, superseded by the fiddle (Welsh Ffidil), lingered on later in Wales than elsewhere but died out by the nineteenth century at the latest. In February each year the Welsh magazine 'Y Selar' hosts an award ceremony in Aberystwyth University where Welsh music fans from all over the country go to see the most popular and upcoming bands perform. The development of hymn singing in Wales is closely tied with the Welsh Methodist revival of the late 18th century. [1], For many years, Welsh folk music had been suppressed, due to the effects of the Act of Union, which promoted the English language,[5] and the rise of the Methodist church in the 18th and 19th century. Welsh bands have the outlet for audiences, on such media as BBC Wales, BBC Cymru, S4C and The Pop Factory. DJ Sasha is from Hawarden, Flintshire. In addition to Maes B, there are a number of various Welsh language music events throughout the year that have gained popularity in the past few years. For many on the left, myself included, reconciling leftwing politics with nationalism has been a challenge. The latter two bands were notable for bringing Welsh language songs to a British audience. In particular, BBC Radio 1's Bethan and Huw and BBC Radio Wales's Adam Walton support new Welsh music at their respective stations. 1960s-1980s. Read more. Cover Band: The Little Welsh Blues Band: Blues: The Lowlights: Rock: The Lushtones: Cover Band: The MDs: Alternative Rock: The Melophobes: Punk: The Mistaken: Rock: The Motive: Alternative Rock: The Mudd Pimps: Alternative Rock: The New Fast Black: Alternative Rock: The No Sleep Police: Hip Hop: The Other Club: Rock: The PASSENGER: Rock: The Rise: Alternative Rock: The Rise Of Decay: Heavy Metal These include Magenta, The Reasoning and Panic Room. Other acts from Wales with their roots in the 1960s include Swansea's Man, Dave Edmunds and Meic Stevens, all of whom are still going strong today. [17] Though it originated in Italy, the triple harp (telyn deires, "three-row harp") is held up as the traditional harp of Wales: it has three rows of strings, with every semitone separately represented, while modern concert harps use a pedal system to change key by stopping the relevant strings. Sain was founded in 1969 by Dafydd Iwan and Huw Jones with the aid of funding … Welsh folk is known for a variety of instrumental and vocal styles, as well as more recent singer-songwriters drawing on folk traditions. The church frowned on traditional music and dance, though folk tunes were sometimes used in hymns. As the decades progressed, Welsh popular music developed beyond its acoustic folk roots, adopting the various styles of contemporary popular music, and ultimately gaining the cultural self-confidence to compete in the Anglo-American … And the Sain record label, founded in 1969 in Cardiff by Dafydd Iwan and Huw Jones with a £500 loan from businessman Brian Morgan Edwards, provided a launchpad for many burgeoning talents and quickly became Wales' leading record company. The early 21st century produced a credible Welsh 'sound' embraced by the public and the media press of Great Britain. Popular themes in the 19th century included murder, emigration and colliery disasters; sung to popular melodies from Ireland or North America. Guitarist and singer Micky Jones, one of the founders of Welsh prog rock band, Man, has died aged 63. The earliest written records of the Welsh harpists' repertoire are contained in the Robert ap Huw manuscript, which documents 30 ancient harp pieces that make up a fragment of the lost repertoire of the medieval Welsh bards. [1] Harmony and part singing is synonymous with Welsh music. But what was the state of Welsh music at the time? [19] The manuscript has been the source of a long-running effort to accurately decipher the music it encodes. The folk revival picked up energy in the 1980s with Robin Huw Bowen and other musicians achieving great commercial and critical success. 1950s: Elvis Presley. [7] Congregational singing was given further impetus with the arrival of the temperance movement, which saw the Temperance Choral Union (formed in 1854) organising annual singing festivals, these included hymn singing by combined choirs. In many parts of Wales Christmas Day meant attending an early plygain service … 5 out of 5 stars (376) 376 reviews $ 122.00. The 21st century has seen the emergence of a number of new artists, including Marina and the Diamonds, Skindred, Lostprophets, Kids in Glass Houses, Duffy, Christopher Rees, Bullet for My Valentine, The Automatic, Goldie Lookin Chain, People in Planes, Los Campesinos!, The Victorian English Gentlemens Club, Attack! Charles Williams explores the history of Welsh folk music and its modern expressions. BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competition, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-south-east-wales-42351286, "Popular music: Items from the 'Y Blew' archive", Tŷ Siamas, the National Centre for Traditional Music, From Old Country to New World: Emigration in Welsh ballads, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Music_of_Wales&oldid=998497001#History, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 17:11. Amen Corner, The Alarm, Man, Budgie, Badfinger, Tigertailz, Young Marble Giants), but not until the 1990s did Welsh bands begin to be seen as a particular grouping. This is Gregg Lynn’s story: Gregg Lynn. Influenced by Richard Burton, he decided to study at College of Music and Drama and graduated in 1957. The song was the first to be written and released by the … Many of the comedy panel-game regulars and sitcom actors may not be regarded as comedians by some people but they are included here because this page uses the word "comedian" in its broadest possible sense. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. … The bands were popular among the working classes, and were adopted by paternalistic employers who saw brass bands as a constructive activity for their work forces. Tŷ Siamas is the National Centre for Traditional Music, with regular sessions, concerts, lessons, an interactive exhibition and a recording studio. Composer and conductor Mansel Thomas OBE (1909–1986), who worked mainly in South Wales, was one of the most influential musicians of his generation. Some Welsh performers have mixed traditional influences, especially the language, into imported genres, Soliloquise for example and especially John ac Alun, a Welsh language country duo who are perhaps the best-known contemporary performers in Welsh. “There are some bands that began to sing in English like Catatonia and when Ffa Coffi Pawb became Super Furry Animals, in some quarters they were getting hammered by parts of the Welsh music … The 1960s saw the rise of two distinctive Welsh acts, Tom Jones and Shirley Bassey, both of whom defined Welsh vocal styles for several generations. The Urdd’s activities became more and more popular and the movement prospered during this period. [1] The most common Welsh folk song is the love song, with lyrics pertaining to the sorrow of parting or in praise of the girl. By the late 1970s, Wales, like its neighbours, had seen the beginning of a roots revival, the beginnings of which can be traced back to the 1960s folk singer-songwriter Dafydd Iwan. Acts and individuals based in the city during the period included Joe Strummer of The Clash, Feeder, The Darling Buds, Donna Matthews of Elastica, as well as Skindred and punk and metal acts. After love songs, the ballad was a very popular form of song, with its tales of manual labour, agriculture and the every day life. Wales has a history of folk music related to the Celtic music of countries such as Ireland and Scotland. The Welsh language scene saw a dip in commercial popularity, but a rise in experimentation with acts such as punk band Trwynau Coch leading into a 'New Wave' of music. This manuscript contains the earliest body of harp music from anywhere in Europe and is one of the key sources of early Welsh music. Examples of well-developed, vertical harmony can be found in the Robert ap Huw Manuscript dating back to the 1600s. [1] This is a modern stereotype based on 19th century conceptions of Nonconformist choral music and 20th century male voice choirs, Eisteddfodau and arena singing, such as sporting events, but Wales has a history of music that has been used as a primary form of communication. Welsh folk rock includes a number of bands, such as Moniars, Gwerinos, The Bluehorses, Bob Delyn a'r Ebillion and Taran. Ivor Novello, who was a singer-songwriter during the First World War. Welsh traditional music was updated by punk-folk bands delivering traditional tunes at a much increased tempo; these included early Bob Delyn a'r Ebillion and Defaid. Wales embraced the new music of the 1980s and 1990s, particularly with the thriving Newport rock scene for which the city was labelled 'the new Seattle'. More abrasive alternative acts such as Jarcrew, Mclusky and Future of the Left – all well known within the independent music community and known as Welsh acts – have also received modest commercial success in the UK. These included country music (John ac Alun), singer-songwriters (Meic Stevens), stadium rock (The Alarm) and classical singers (Aled Jones, Bryn Terfel). The other was Mary Hopkin. The Urdd National Eisteddfod continued to experiment and develop at the beginning of the 1960s. Escape into the Park and Bionic Events are examples of the Welsh Hard Dance scene. Sheet Music All Movies All Music ... 1960's Welsh Tapestry Skirt and matching waistcoat 38-40" bust 32" waist SusanHaywardVintage. On the other side of the Atlantic, a Welsh performer was taking music into hitherto uncharted territory. In the 1960s, Welsh-language popular music emerged as a vehicle for mobilizing a geographically dispersed community into political action. Also, opera-singers such as Geraint Evans and later Delme Bryn-Jones found fame post World War II. ... a job continued by the St Fagans National Museum of History during the 1960s and 70s. This text contains pieces of Welsh music from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that show amazing harmonic development. He signed her to Apple and produced her first single, the traditional song Those Were The Days. A more homely programme Gwlad y Gan was produced by rival channel TWW which set classic Welsh songs in idyllic settings and starred baritone Ivor Emmanuel. [1] Other such ceremonial or feasting traditions connected with song are the New Year's Day Calennig and the welcoming of Spring Candlemas in which the traditional wassail was followed by dancing and feast songs. Elvis has been dead since 1977, yet he remains the top-selling '50s singer as of … The 1980s in Welsh pop was characterised by the rock'n'roll pastiche of Shakin' Stevens. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. October 1964 saw the release of her performance of Goldfinger, the theme to the James Bond film. [1], Historically, Wales has been associated with folk music, choral performance, religious music and brass bands. In 2013 the first Welsh Language Music Day was held, taking place each year in February. Quite a strong neo-progressive/classic rock scene has developed from Swansea-based band Karnataka and other bands that have links to them. In 1960, BOAC inaugurated its first regular Boeing 707 service between London and New York. Although choral music in the 19th century by Welsh composers was mainly religious, there was a steady body of secular songs being produced. After World War II, two significant musical organisations were founded, the Welsh National Opera and the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, both were factors in Welsh composers moving away from choral compositions to instrumental and orchestral pieces. In more modern times there has been a thriving musical scene. Despite the dominance of two names in Welsh pop during the 1960s -Tom Jones Shirley Bassey - the hills and valleys were alive with the sound of pop throughout the country. [21] Originally, the label signed Welsh singers, mostly with overtly political lyrics, eventually branching out into a myriad of different styles. On 16 July 2011 Sian Evans of trip hop, synthpop Bristol based band Kosheen had a No.1 Official UK Singles Charts hit in collaboration with DJ Fresh. In the 1960s, Welsh-language popular music emerged as a vehicle for mobilizing a geographically dispersed community into political action. Modern Welsh composers such as Alun Hoddinott and William Mathias produced large scale orchestrations, though both have returned to religious themes within their work. The 1960s saw important developments in both Welsh and English language music in Wales. 1960s. [9] One particularly popular hymn of this period was "Llef". The Anglo-American cultural influence was a strong draw on young musicians, with Tom Jones and Shirley Bassey becoming world-famous singers; and the growth of The Beatles' Apple Records label saw Welsh acts Mary Hopkin and Badfinger join the roster. In the latter part of the 60s pop music changed, and R&B, rock and psychedelia became more fashionable. The first was Badfinger, who formed in 1968, were championed by Paul McCartney, and signed to Apple in 1969. This is a list of comedians of British birth or famous mainly in Britain. Amen Corner came from Cardiff, and scored their first hit in July 1967 with Gin House Blues. Since the 1957 release of her debut single, The Banana Boat Song, she'd been a hit performer, and she was about to be joined by another giant of popular Welsh music. Not to be outdone, the short lived Y Blew, born out of Aberystwyth University, became the first Welsh language pop band in 1967. The 20th century saw many solo singers from Wales become not only national but international stars. Read more. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. 1962: Dylan Thomas is a short documentary on the poet featuring the narration of the Welsh actor Richard Burton. Early musical traditions during the 17th and 18th century saw the emergence of more complex carols, away from the repetitive ceremonial songs. As a founder member of The Velvet Underground, John Cale would prove to be one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century. [11] The industrial workforce attracted less of a jollity of English glee clubs and also avoided the more robust militaristic style of music. Love Sculpture featured Dave Edmunds who … The oldest known traditional songs from Wales are those connected to seasonal customs such as the Mari Lwyd or Hunting the Wren, in which both ceremonies contain processional songs where repetition is a musical feature. Artist Biography by Richie Unterberger One of the few Welsh bands to release records on a fairly regular basis in the mid to late '60s, the Bystanders are chiefly notable not for their own derivative music, but because they evolved into the Welsh progressive rock group Man. The Festival Interceltique de Lorient saw the formation of Ar Log, who spearheaded a revival of Welsh fiddling and harp-playing, and continued recording into the 21st century. Writing and performing with Lou Reed would often be fractious and volatile for Cale, and their partnership ended after 1968's White Light, White Heat album, but it gave Cale the platform for a successful solo career that continues to this day. Welsh National Opera, established in 1946, and the BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competition, launched in 1983, attracted attention to Wales's growing reputation as a centre of excellence in the classical genre. Many of his orchestral and chamber music pieces are based on Welsh folk songs and dances. 1960s Cardiff produced Amen Corner, one of the top pop acts of the era and the first Welsh group to have a number one hit. Anthony Hopkins was born on December 31, 1937, in Margam, Wales, to Muriel Anne (Yeats) and Richard Arthur Hopkins, a baker. In the 1860s, a revival of traditional Welsh music began, with the formation of the National Eisteddfod Society, followed by the foundation of London-area Welsh Societies and the publication of Nicholas Bennett's Alawon fy Ngwlad ("Tunes of my Land"), a compilation of traditional tunes, in the 1890s.[10]. There's also the 'Dawns Rhyngolegol' where the Welsh societies from every University in the UK gather to celebrate the best Welsh language music in Wales. So that means that any of the material that the Rolling Stones, for example, released in the 1970's, 1980's, 1990's, and 2000's will not count towards their ranking on the list. A co-founder of Fernhill, he plays music with Burum… Charlotte Greig Both men would also explore Welsh culture, with Mathias setting music to the works of Dylan Thomas, while Hoddinott, along with the likes of Mervyn Burtch and David Wynne, would be influenced by the poetic and mythical past of Wales.[9]. In the 1960s, he played in a number of Welsh bands including Commancheros, The Smokeless Zone, Dream and Plum Crazy before joining Dave Edmunds' band Love Sculpture. Music venues and acts have thrived in the 2010s, with the noted success of the Cardiff music scene, for which the city has recently been labelled 'Music City'. His parents were both of half Welsh and half English descent. [8] Around the same period, the growing availability of music in the tonic sol-fa notation, promoted by the likes of Eleazar Roberts, allowed congregations to read music more fluently. Sain was founded in 1969 by Dafydd Iwan and Huw Jones with the aid of funding from Brian Morgan Edwards. Music in Wales is often connected with male voice choirs, such as the Morriston Orpheus Choir, Cardiff Arms Park Male Choir and Treorchy Male Voice Choir, and enjoys a worldwide reputation in this field. [11] As well as the growth of male voice choirs during the industrial period, Wales also experienced an increase in the popularity of brass bands. [1], The instrument most commonly associated with Wales is the harp, which is generally considered to be the country's national instrument. Bands that followed, like Anhrefn and Datblygu, found support from BBC Radio 1 disc jockey John Peel, one of the few DJs outside Wales to champion Welsh language music. Other traditional instruments from Wales include the Welsh Bagpipes and Pibgorn. The instant classic was to become Tom's trademark, and heralded the beginning of an enduring career. Ceri Rhys Matthews (born 1960) is a Welsh traditional musician, record producer, and teacher. With Merthyr Tydfil-born Jones, the band had four Top 40 UK albums from the late 1960s and toured across Europe and America, where admirers included Frank Zappa. In the twentieth century, Wales produced a large number of classical and operatic soloists of international reputation, including Ben Davies, Geraint Evans, Robert Tear, Bryn Terfel, Gwyneth Jones, Margaret Price, Rebecca Evans and Helen Watts, as well as composers such as Alun Hoddinott, William Mathias, Grace Williams and Karl Jenkins. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. In the non-traditional arena, many Welsh musicians have been present in popular rock and pop, either as individuals, (e.g. Since at least the 12th century, Welsh bards and musicians have participated in musical and poetic contests called eisteddfodau; this is the equivalent of the Scottish Mod and the Irish Fleadh Cheoil.[6]. Just four months later, in February 1965, Tom Jones burst onto the scene with the number one hit It's Not Unusual. Attack!, Gwenno, Kelly Lee Owens, Funeral for a Friend, Hondo Maclean, Fflur Dafydd, The Blackout, The Broken Vinyl Club, The Joy Formidable and The Anchoress. Children would sing 'pancake songs' on Shrove Tuesday and summer carols were connected to the festival of Calan Mai. [9] These secular hymns were embraced by the emerging male voice choirs, which formed originally as the tenor and bass sections of chapel choirs, but also sang outside the church in a form of recreation and fellowship. Also worth noting are the successful Drum and Bass DJ High Contrast who is from Cardiff, the veteran house outfit K-Klass from Wrexham, and the Swansea-based progressive breaks producers Hybrid. Sadly Ricky (real name David Spencer) would prove to be the archetypal one hit wonder: he'd never trouble the charts again. [3][4] From the 1980s onwards, crossover artists such as Katherine Jenkins, Charlotte Church and Aled Jones began to come to the fore. Meanwhile in Ireland, a new ‘Celtic folk’ idiom was being created by Irish bands like The Chieftains, The Bothy Band and Planxsty. Manic Street Preachers: A Design For Life. 1960s - 1980s. This saw the formation of local musical societies and in the first half of the 19th century Musical primers and collections of tunes were printed and distributed. Composers such as Joseph Parry, whose work Myfanwy is still a favourite Welsh song, were followed by David Jenkins and D. Emlyn Evans, who tailored songs specifically for the Victorian music market. Born on this day in 1948 - Welsh rock drummer Terry Williams, who has worked with Dire Straits, Dave Edmunds' band Love Sculpture, Graham Parker, Man, Nick Lowe, The Everly Brothers, Tina Turner and others. As the decades progressed, Welsh popular music developed beyond its acoustic folk roots, adopting the various styles of contemporary popular music, and ultimately gaining the cultural self-confidence to compete in the Anglo-American … Wales has a strong and distinctive link with music. The best known Welsh performer in the early 1960s was Shirley Bassey. This list counts down the 100 Greatest Artists for rock music in the 1960's. A year ago, a fifth of Welsh Labour voters supported an independent Wales; now 40% do. It has distinctive instrumentation and song types, and is often heard at a twmpath (folk dance session), gŵyl werin (folk festival) or noson lawen (a traditional party similar to the Gaelic "Céilidh"). [15] This was followed in 1969 with the establishment of the Sain record label, one of the most important catalyst for change in the Welsh language music scene.[16]. Girl groups might have been responsible for the sweetest 60s music, but their lyrics covered everything from teenage pregnancy to frightening dogs, as this playlist shows Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. [12] Solo artists of note during the nineteenth century included charismatic singers Robert Rees (Eos Morlais) and Sarah Edith Wynne, who would tour outside Wales and helped build the country's reputation as a "land of song".[13][14]. Famous performers or attendees at venues such as TJ's included Oasis, Kurt Cobain, and others. John Cale of The Velvet Underground, Green Gartside of Scritti Politti, Julian Cope of Teardrop Explodes and Andy Scott of Sweet, Roger Glover of Deep Purple and Rainbow), or as bands formed in Wales (e.g. In 1970, he joined the Welsh rock group Man which included two former Dream and … Music and production. The music was composed between the 14th and 16th centuries, transmitted orally, then written down in a unique tablature and later copied in the early 17th century. Two acts from Wales had connections to those giants of 1960s music, The Beatles. The BBC had already produced Welsh language Radio programmes, such as Noson Lowen in the 1940s, and in the 1960s the corporation followed suite with television shows Hob y Deri Dando and Disc a Dawn giving Welsh acts a weekly stage to promote their sound. A starting point as good as any: from the success of Tom Jones 'n' Shirley Bassey to beyond... Ah, the 1960s. He himself wrote vocal, choral, instrumental, band and orchestral music, specialising in setting songs and poetry. Welsh traditional music declined with the rise of Nonconformist religion in the 18th century, which emphasized choral singing over instruments, and religious over secular uses of music; traditional musical styles became associated with drunkenness and immorality. The time of naked hippies, the lunar landing and cheesecloth trousers. Composers such as Charles Gounod were imitated by Welsh contemporaries such as Parry, Protheroe and Price to cater for a Welsh fondness of dramatic narratives, wide dynamic contrasts and thrilling climaxes. [20] The fiddle is an integral part of Welsh folk music. Later into the 1990s, a new wave of bands including Fernhill, Rag Foundation, Bob Delyn A'r Ebillion, Moniars, Carreg Lafar, Jac y Do, Boys From The Hill and Gwerinos found popularity. A Welsh session band, following in the footsteps of their Irish counterparts Planxty, Cilmeri recorded two albums with a uniquely Welsh feel. Originally from Ebbw Vale, Gregg has learnt Welsh fluently. Man's greatest achievements in the decade have been well documented. For many years employed by the BBC, he promoted the careers of many composers and performers. The publication of Llyfr Tonau Cynulleidfaol by John Roberts in 1859 provided congregations with a body of standard tunes that were less complex with unadorned harmonies. A tradition of brass bands dating from the Victorian era continues, particularly in the South Wales Valleys, with Welsh bands such as the Cory Band being one of the most successful in the world. Following on from an underground post-punk movement in the 1980s, led by bands like Datblygu and Fflaps, the 1990s saw a considerable flowering of Welsh rock groups (in both Welsh and English languages) such as Catatonia, Manic Street Preachers, Feeder, Stereophonics, Super Furry Animals, The Pooh Sticks, 60ft Dolls and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci. Wales has a history of using music as a primary form of communication. The first two allowed the Welsh pop scene to flourish, and while not singing in Welsh they brought a sense of Welshness through iconography, lyrics and interviews. The latter hit marked the first time a Welsh group got to number one in the UK chart. www.bbc.co.uk/wales/music/sites/history/pages/history_1960s.shtml In June 2007, Tŷ Siamas was opened in Dolgellau. Such acts included the Manic Street Preachers, Stereophonics, Catatonia, Super Furry Animals and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci. But perhaps the best thing about Welsh music in the 60s was that so many artists would go on to further and greater success in the 1970s and beyond... All the latest news, reviews and highlights from BBC Music. Original Vintage 1960s Welsh Tapestry Handbag A great bag in blue and green wool Gold tone frame Black top handle (15 inches long) Beige lining ( not damaged but has some pen marks and age retailed marks) A lovely bag in overall good condition Bag measures 14 inches X 8 inches Jac y Do is one of several bands that now perform twmpathau all over the country for social gatherings and public events. Bands and artists which have gained popularity include acts such as Man, Budgie, and solo artists John Cale & Mary Hopkin in the early 1970s and solo artists Bonnie Tyler and Shakin' Stevens in the 1980s, but through mimicking American music styles such as Motown or Rock and Roll. These carols featured complex poetry based on cynghanedd, some were sung to English tunes, but many used Welsh melodies such as 'Ffarwel Ned Puw'. Also from the 1960s was Love Sculpture who had a minor hit with Sabre Dance. As a soloist and member of the Welsh folk group Fernhill, he has been called "a key figure in the renaissance of Welsh musical traditions", by journalist Julian May in Songlines and described by him as "a one man Welsh music industry" He has produced twenty-one CDs for Welsh label Fflach's subsidiary fflach:tradd. However modern Welsh music is a thriving scene of rock, Welsh language lyricism, modern folk, jazz, pop, and electronic music. From shop SusanHaywardVintage. 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